The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs on either side of your spine, exactly below your ribs and behind your belly.

Each kidney is about 4 or 5 inches long.

kidneys’ job is to filter your blood. They remove wastes, control the body’s fluid balance, and keep the right levels of electrolytes. All of the blood in your body passes through them several times a day.

When blood gets into the kidney, waste gets removed.

Salt, water, and minerals are adjusted, if needed. The filtered blood goes back into the body. Waste gets turned into urine, which are collected in the kidney’s pelvis — a funnel-shaped structure that drains down a tube called the ureter to the bladder.

Each kidney has around a million tiny filters called nephrons You could have only 10% of your kidneys working, and you may not notice any symptoms or problems.

If blood stops flowing into a kidney, part or all of it could die. That can lead to kidney failure.

All of this shows the importance of kidney in the body and the need to know how to improve its functions.

Here are ways you can Improve Kidney Functions

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  • Keep active and fit

Regular exercise is good for more than just your waistline. It can lower the risk of chronic kidney disease. It can also reduce your blood pressure and boost your heart health, which are both important to preventing kidney damage.

You don’t have to run marathons/races to reap the reward of exercise. Walking, running, stretching and even dancing are great for your health. Find an activity that keeps you busy and have fun.

It’ll be easier to stick to and will give you great results.

  • Always stay hydrated

Drinking plenty of water helps kidney functions. Your urine should be straws coloured, if its anything else like darker it may be a sign of dehydration. During hot weathers when you’re sweating, you need to drink more water than usual to make up for the fluid lost through sweating.

  • Monitor blood pressure

High blood pressure can cause kidney damage. If high blood pressure occurs with other health issues like diabetes, heart disease, or high cholesterol, the impact on your body can be significant.

  • Monitor weight and eat healthy diet

People who are overweight or obese are at risk for a number of health conditions that can damage the kidneys. These include diabetes, heart disease, and kidney disease. Its very good to monitor your weight and watch how you eat to avoid this.

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  •  Avoid smoking

Smoking damages your body’s blood vessels. This leads to slower blood flow throughout your body and to your kidneys.

Smoking also puts your kidneys at an increased risk for cancer. If you stop smoking, your risk will drop.

However, it’ll take many years to return to the risk level of a person who’s never smoked. Smoking is very bad for your health, avoid it if you want to live longer.

  •  Be aware of the amount of OTC pills you take

If you regularly take over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication, you may be causing kidney damage. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including ibuprofen and naproxen, can damage your kidneys if you take them regularly for chronic pain, headaches, or arthritis.

People with no kidney issues who take the medicine occasionally are likely in the clear. However, if you use these medicines daily, you could be risking your kidneys’ health. Talk with your doctor about kidneys safe treatments and always use prescribed drugs.

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Have your kidney function tested if you’re at high risk of kidney damage or kidney disease, it’s a good idea to have regular kidney function tests.

However, the following people may benefit from regular screening of kidney.

  1. People who are over 60 years old
  2. People who were born at a low birth weight
  3. People who have cardiovascular disease or have family with it
  4. People who have or have a family history of high blood pressure
  5. Obese people who believe they may have kidney damage.

A regular kidney function test is a great way to know your kidney’s health and to check for possible changes. Getting ahead of any damage can help slow or prevent future damage.

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